Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin was a naturalist, geologist, and biologist best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. He proposed the theory of natural selection, which explains how species evolve over time through the survival and reproduction of individuals with advantageous traits. His most famous work, 'On the Origin of Species', published in 1859, revolutionized the way scientists understand the natural world and the origins of life on Earth.

Books

This list of books are ONLY the books that have been ranked on the lists that are aggregated on this site. This is not a comprehensive list of all books by this author.

  1. 1. On the Origin of Species

    This groundbreaking work presents the theory of evolution, asserting that species evolve over generations through a process of natural selection. The book provides a comprehensive explanation of how the diversity of life on Earth developed over millions of years from a common ancestry. It includes detailed observations and arguments to support the idea that species evolve by adapting to their environments, challenging the prevailing belief of the time that species were unchanging parts of a designed hierarchy.

  2. 2. The Voyage of the Beagle

    This book is a vivid and exciting travel memoir as well as a detailed scientific field journal covering biology, geology, and anthropology that demonstrates the author’s keen powers of observation, written at a time when Western Europeans were still discovering and exploring much of the rest of the world. The author's five-year journey took him from the coasts of South America, Australia, and Africa to the South Pacific islands, during which he collected and documented the natural history of these areas. The voyage and the specimens he brought back would later form the basis for his famous theory of evolution.