Summa Theologica by Thomas Aquinas

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The Summa Theologica (Latin: "Summary of Theology" or "Highest Theology") or the Summa Theologiæ or simply the Summa, written 1265–1274) is the most famous work of Thomas Aquinas (c. 1225–1274), although it was never finished. It was intended as a manual for beginners as a compilation of all of the main theological teachings of the time. It summarizes the reasoning for almost all points of Christian theology in the West, which, before the Protestant Reformation, subsisted solely in the Roman Catholic Church. The Summa's topics follow a cycle: the existence of God, God's creation, Man, Man's purpose, Christ, the Sacraments, and back to God. It is famous for its five arguments for the existence of God, the Quinquae viae (Latin: five ways). Throughout his work, Aquinas cites Augustine of Hippo, Aristotle, and other Christian, Jewish and even Muslim and ancient pagan scholars. The Summa Theologica is a more mature and structured version of Aquinas's earlier Summa contra Gentiles. This earlier work was more apologetic, each article refuting a belief of a heresy.

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The 64th greatest nonfiction book of all time

This book is on the following lists:

  1. - Great Books of the Western World (Great Books Foundation)
  2. - The 100 Most Influential Books Ever Written (Martin Seymour-Smith)
  3. - Masterpieces of World Literature (Frank N. Magill)
  4. - Books That Changed the World (Book)
  5. - 50 Books That Changed the World (Open Education Database)
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