The Waning of the Middle Ages by Johan Huizinga

The Autumn of the Middle Ages, or The Waning of the Middle Ages, (published in 1919 as Herfsttij der Middeleeuwen and translated into English in 1924) is the best-known work by the Dutch historian Johan Huizinga. Its subtitle is 'a study of the forms of life, thought and art in France and the Netherlands in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries'. In it, he presents the idea that the exaggerated formality and romanticism of late medieval court society was a defense mechanism against the constantly increasing violence and brutality of general society. He saw the period as one of pessimism, cultural exhaustion, and nostalgia for the past, rather than of rebirth and optimism. Huizinga's work has later come under criticism, especially for relying too heavily on evidence from the rather exceptional case of the Burgundian court. A new English translation of the book was published in 1996 because of perceived deficiencies in the original translation, although the new translation itself was criticized for being based on a German translation of the original Dutch book.

The 144th greatest nonfiction book of all time


This book is on the following lists:

  1. - 54th on The 100 Best Non-Fiction Books of the Century (National Review)
  2. - Great Books of the Western World (Great Books Foundation)

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Name Binding Sales Rank Lowest New Lowest Used Published
The Waning of the Middle Ages Audible Audiobook 12269 $21.83 2020
The Waning of the Middle Ages Paperback 9679769 $3.50
The Waning of the Middle Ages: a Study of the Forms of Life, Thought & Art in France & Netherlands in the XIVth & XVth Centuries Hardcover 2023881 $61.93 $4.00
Waning of the Middle Ages, The Mass Market Paperback 998107 $21.50 $2.70
The Waning of the Middle Ages by Johan Huizinga Paperback 11524044 $500.00
The Waning of the Middle Ages Paperback 2430050 $86.99 $72.78 2019
The Waning of the Middle Ages Paperback 868052 $18.95 $17.61 2018
The Waning of the Middle Ages Paperback 356893 $32.84 $16.83 2010
The Waning of the Middle Ages Hardcover 1671101 $31.24 $52.26 2010
The Waning of the Middle Ages: A Study of the Forms of Life, Thought and Art in France and the Netherlands in the XIVth and XVth Centuries Mass Market Paperback 2243233 $19.95 $2.99
The Autumn of the Middle Ages Paperback 136293 $8.73 $0.97 1997
The Autumn of the Middle Ages Hardcover 1267192 $5.90 $1.84 1996
The Waning of the Middle Ages: A Study of the Forms of Life, Thought and Art in France and the Netherlands in the Dawn of the Renaissance (A Doubleday Anchor Book) Paperback 2841672 $4.43 $0.01 1954
The Waning of the Middle Ages: a Study of the Forms of Life, Thought, and Art in France and the Netherlands in the XIVth and XVth Centuries Hardcover 2969023 $6.30 $0.01
Waning of the Middle Ages, a Study Unknown Binding 11542235 $6.40 1954
The Waning of the Middle Ages Paperback 447646 $7.59 $2.33 2013
The Waning of the Middle Ages (Paperback) Paperback 3153816 $23.74 $13.63 2009