Candide by Voltaire

Candide, ou l'Optimisme is a French satire written in 1759 by Voltaire, a philosopher of the Age of Enlightenment. Candide is characterized by its sarcastic tone and its erratic, fantastical, and fast-moving plot. A picaresque novel with a story similar to that of a more serious bildungsroman, it parodies many adventure and romance clichés, the struggles of which are caricatured in a tone that is mordantly matter-of-fact. Still, the events discussed are often based on historical happenings, such as the Seven Years' War and the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. As philosophers of Voltaire's day contended with the problem of evil, so too does Candide in this short novel, albeit more directly and humorously. Voltaire ridicules religion, theologians, governments, armies, philosophies, and philosophers through allegory; most conspicuously, he assaults Leibniz and his optimism.

The 46th greatest fiction book of all time


This book is on the following lists:

  1. - 7th on For The Love of Books (For The Love of Books)
  2. - 14th on Top 100 World Literature Titles (Perfection Learning)
  3. - 58th on Pour une Bibliothèque Idéale (Raymond Queneau)
  4. - 80th on The Novel 100: A Ranking of the Greatest Novels of All Time (The Novel 100)
  5. - 95th on 100 Best Books (Montana State University)
  6. - 99th on The Top 10: The Greatest Books of All Time (The Top 10 (Book))
  7. - Masterpieces of World Literature (Frank N. Magill)
  8. - The Book of Great Books: A Guide to 100 World Classics (Book)
  9. - From Zero to Well-Read in 100 Books (Jeff O'Neal at Bookriot.com)
  10. - Best Books Ever (bookdepository.com)
  11. - The Graphic Canon (Book)
  12. - The 100 Greatest Books Ever Written (Easton Press)
  13. - Select 100 (University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee)
  14. - The College Board: 101 Great Books Recommended for College-Bound Readers (http://www.uhlibrary.net/pdf/college_board_recommended_books.pdf)
  15. - 1001 Books You Must Read Before You Die (The Book)
  16. - Great Books of the Western World (Great Books Foundation)
  17. - The 100 Most Influential Books Ever Written (Martin Seymour-Smith)
  18. - ZEIT-Bibliothek der 100 Bücher (Die Zeit)
  19. - Världsbiblioteket (The World Library) (Tidningen Boken)
  20. - The New Lifetime Reading Plan (The New Lifetime Reading Plan)

Buy This Book

Name Binding Sales Rank Lowest New Lowest Used Published
Candide: Great Classics Paperback 990036 $5.75 2019
Candide (100 Copy Limited Edition) Hardcover 866447 $59.95 $53.96 2018
Candide: or, All for the Best Paperback 601507 $6.99 $8.27 2019
Candide, Zadig, and Selected Stories (Signet classics) Mass Market Paperback 2171969 $0.78 $0.01 1961
Candide: Zadig and Selected Stories Mass Market Paperback 223873 $4.08 $1.12 2009
Candide Paperback 21048 $6.75 2019
Candide and Related Texts Paperback 568295 $1.50 $0.10 2000
Candide Paperback 559514 $2.68 $6.33 2017
Candide: A Dual-Language Book (Dover Language Guides French) Paperback 232544 $9.34 $1.22 1993
Candide (Dover Thrift Editions) Paperback 16043 $0.01 $0.10 1991
Candide ou l'optimisme: Conte philosophique (French Edition) Kindle Edition 1384683 2016
Candide, ou l'Optimisme (Annotated) (French Edition) Kindle Edition 879023 2017
Candide, ou l'Optimisme: conte philosophique de Voltaire (texte intégral) (French Edition) Paperback 7494454 $9.99 $6.00 2017
Candide Voltaire (Larousse) (French Edition) Mass Market Paperback 470088 $4.17 $2.72 2011
Candide Paperback 98157 $6.99 $2.95 2014
Candide Hardcover 2089326 $5.78 $7.87 2009
Candide & Zadig Mass Market Paperback 3628505 $4.77 $3.47
Candide and Other Stories (Oxford World's Classics) Kindle Edition 473911 1990
Candide: and Related Texts (Translated & Annotated) Kindle Edition 521646 $5.78 2010
Candide (Illustrated) Kindle Edition 52716 $0.99 2013
Candide: Or Optimism (Penguin Classics Deluxe Edition) Kindle Edition 128904 $5.18 2005
Candide: Or Optimism (Penguin Classics) Paperback 500004 $4.85 $0.01 2009
Candide, Zadig, and Selected Stories (Signet Classics) Mass Market Paperback 1170940 $8.00 $0.01 2001
Candide Kindle Edition 188101 $1.99 2003
Candide (Cover to Cover) Audio CD 639831 $5.96 $5.97 2012
Candide (Modern Library) Hardcover 1890784 $8.00 $0.18 2002
Candide Hardcover 2414994 $19.25 $2.99
Candide (Franklin Library) Hardcover 2140701 $8.95 $5.00
Candide and Other Stories (World's Classics) Paperback 2001133 $5.95 $0.01 1998
Candide: or Optimism Paperback 1049279 $8.96 $3.89 2006
Candide or Optimism Mass Market Paperback 8161118 $0.01
Candide (A Norton Critical Edition) Paperback 112146 $7.87 $0.01 1991
Candide Paperback 985280 $3.99 $2.10 2013
Candide: Or Optimism (Penguin Classics) Paperback 17073 $3.52 $0.01 1950
Candide (Bedford Cultural Editions Series) Kindle Edition 152262 2016
Candide Kindle Edition 354371 2015
Candide: Or Optimism (Penguin Drop Caps) Hardcover 349141 $12.47 $12.81 2014
Candide Kindle Edition 330058 $0.99 2013
Candide or Optimism (Crofts Classics) Paperback 332588 $1.36 $0.01 1946
Candide: or Optimism Kindle Edition 437053 $8.12 2005
Candide: or, Optimism (Modern Library) Hardcover 1408525 $2.58 $0.99 2005
Candide (Illustrated) Kindle Edition 127599 $0.99 2014
Candide Paperback 129523 $3.16 $0.01 2012
Candide and Other Stories (Oxford World's Classics) Paperback 267322 $4.33 $1.99 2008
Candide (Barnes & Noble Classics Series) Paperback 39398 $1.29 $0.01 2003
Candide (Barnes & Noble Classics) Hardcover 278608 $4.39 $0.01 2005
Candide Paperback 1119722 $5.99 $0.20 2011
Candide Kindle Edition 450277 $1.99 2004
Candide (Illustrated) Kindle Edition 325370 $2.99 2013
Candide Paperback 873926 $6.88 $3.20 2013
Candide Paperback 253140 $8.32 2016
Candide (Xist Classics) Kindle Edition 207612 2015
Candide Paperback 9228529 $13.09 $16.79 2007
Candide ou L'Optimisme (French Edition) Kindle Edition 594720 $0.99 2010
Candide (Ldp Classiques) (French Edition) Mass Market Paperback 1201954 $3.99 $0.01
Candide, Ou L'Optimisme (1771) (French Edition) Hardcover 3228030 $28.74 $30.95 2009
Candide: A Dual-Language Book: Dual Language Edition (Dover Dual Language French) Kindle Edition 587616 $8.55 2012
Candide (Enriched Classics) Mass Market Paperback 533103 $0.84 $0.01 2005
Candide (Illustrated) Kindle Edition 279307 2014
Candide Kindle Edition 471930 $1.99 2014
Candide (Large Print Edition) Hardcover 7912736 $27.00 $32.03 2008
Candide Paperback 556050 $4.50 2015
Candide: or Optimism Hardcover 2121693 $12.89 $0.66 2005
Candide (Dover Thrift Editions) Kindle Edition 125689 2012
Candide, Zadig and Selected Stories Paperback 7345337 $3.50
Candide and Other Stories (Oxford World's Classics) Paperback 212918 $45.26 $3.66 2006
Candide (illustré avec gravures) (French Edition) Kindle Edition 541998 $0.99 2011
Candide Paperback 5321455 $8.99 $8.64
Candide ou l'optimisme (French Edition) Paperback 477330 $4.40 2017
Candide Zadig & Selected Stories Paperback 2254442 $3.00
Voltaire's Candide Zadig and Selected Stories Hardcover 7186949 $3.45
Candide: Candide: Bilingual Edition (English - French) Paperback 419997 $9.90 2015
Candide (French Edition) Paperback 578745 $7.00 2016
Candide and Other Stories (Collector's Library) Hardcover 5320928 $26.02 2006
Candide (French Edition) Paperback 319122 $5.80 2017
Candide (Large Print) Paperback 193667 $7.67 $7.04 2016
Candide Audible Audio Edition 33095 $11.95 2012
Candide Audible Audio Edition 41548 $13.08 2016
Candide Paperback 1030175 $1.53 $0.01 2013
Candide Paperback 1161883 $6.83 $2.52 2013
Candide (The Bedford Series in History and Culture) Paperback 447953 $8.00 $1.66 1998
Candide Paperback 944280 $4.15 2014
Candide: or, Optimism (Modern Library Classics) Paperback 310428 $4.19 $0.01 2005
Candide Hardcover 1210311 $19.77 $1.74 2009
Candide Hardcover 1632107 $5.95 1930
Candide (French Edition) Paperback 154575 $9.59 $11.12 2012
Candide (Third Edition) (Norton Critical Editions) Paperback 320804 $23.49 2016
Candide Hardcover 1900564 $15.56 $0.47
Candide Paperback 285422 $6.00 $1.48 2013
Candide (Bedford Cultural Editions) Paperback 75913 $12.49 $11.43 2016
Candide, Zadig, and selected stories Paperback 11895937 $3.10
Candide Paperback 448546 $7.89 $20.00 2017
Candide Kindle Edition 580876 2016
Candide Audio CD 2563795 $15.22 $15.18 2016
Voltaire - Candide Kindle Edition 510115 2016
Candide (Bantam Classics) by Voltaire (1984-05-01) Paperback 1152003 $5.35 $5.35
Candide Paperback 437534 $5.00 $0.01 2013
Candide ou l'optimisme: (Candide or The Optimist) (Dans la Meme Collection) (French Edition) Mass Market Paperback 1329250 $2.00 $2.45 2003
Candide Ou L'Optimiste (Folio (Gallimard)) (French Edition) Mass Market Paperback 1503414 $3.97 $3.59
Candide (European Masterpieces Moliere & Co. French Classics) (French Edition) (European Masterpieces. Moliaere & Co. (Series). French Class) Paperback 659003 $9.27 $0.54 2007
Candide Hardcover 250901 $13.99 $17.72 2016
Candide Paperback 701354 $4.09 2016
Candide, French Edition Mass Market Paperback 1625089 $9.95 $0.01 2003
Candide, ou l'optimisme Audio CD 16823027 $94.99
Candide Kindle Edition 46894 2017
Candide Paperback 7218634 $4.95 2011
Candide (Illustrated) Kindle Edition 1231016 2011
Candide (Unabridged Classics in Audio) Audio CD 1953151 $14.50 2005
Candide Paperback 4563701 $45.17 $9.99 2012
Candide Hardcover 7457725 $29.95 $29.95 2010
Candide Paperback 219309 $5.99 2017
Voltaire - Candide Paperback 77149 $3.88 2016
Candide (French Edition) Kindle Edition 745080 2016
Candide, ou l'Optimisme (French Edition) Paperback 877197 $3.99 2017
Candide, ou l'Optimisme (French Edition) Kindle Edition 390488 2016
Candide Ou L'Optimisme (French Edition) Mass Market Paperback 3062779 $5.04 $3.70 2003
Candide Paperback 240814 $5.50 2017
Candide By Voltaire: Commentary and Illustrations by Andrew Kelly Kindle Edition 909220 2016
Candide and Other Stories (Everyman's Library) Hardcover 159737 $14.91 $6.28 1992
Candide Hardcover 923147 $10.98 $13.09 2017
Candide (A CSA Word Classic) Audio CD 2744864 $15.90 $16.12 2010
Candide (AmazonClassics Edition) Paperback 329414 $5.99 2017
Candide Hardcover 6365458 $12.99
Candide (Bantam Classics) Paperback 63288 $0.94 $0.01 1984
Candide: or Optimism Paperback 746059 $3.98 2017
Candide: Or, Optimism (Penguin Classics Deluxe Edition) Paperback 21902 $5.53 $0.99 2005
Candide (Classic Books on CD Collection) [UNABRIDGED] Audio CD 2589791 $19.99 $14.99 2007
Candide: Bilingual Edition: English-French (English and French Edition) Paperback 628975 $13.65 $13.59 2013
Candide, ou l'optimisme (French Edition) Paperback 1019098 $4.01 $4.00 2014
Bibliolycee Candide ou l'Optimisme (Dans La Meme Collection) (French Edition) Mass Market Paperback 2884911 $6.00 $2.35 2002
Candide, ou l'optimisme (French Edition) Paperback 2942393 $5.29 $6.20 2014
Candide Paperback 101441 $5.95 2013
Candide Kindle Edition 85105 2013
Candide: Ou L'optimisme (Larousse Petits Classiques) (French Edition) Paperback 706609 $34.10 $3.19 2007
Candide Hardcover 263601 $20.00 $6.12
Candide Kindle Edition 691352 2017
Candide, ou l'Optimisime (Focus Student Edition) (French Edition) Paperback 774256 $11.69 $7.49 2007
Candide and Zadig (Naxos Complete Classics) (The Complete Classics) Audio CD 5174883 $18.91 $33.48 2008