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Top 100 Works in World Literature

The editors of the Norwegian Book Clubs, with the Norwegian Nobel Institute, polled a panel of 100 authors from 54 countries on what they considered the “best and most central works in world literature.” Among the authors polled were Milan Kundera, Doris Lessing, Seamus Heaney, Salman Rushdie, Wole Soyinka, John Irving, Nadine Gordimer, and Carlos Fuentes. The list of 100 works appears alphabetically by author. Although the books were not ranked, the editors revealed that Don Quixote received 50% more votes than any other book.

- Norwegian Book Clubs, with the Norwegian Nobel Institute
  1. 1. Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes

    Cover Image for the book Don Quixote

    Alonso Quixano, a retired country gentleman in his fifties, lives in an unnamed section of La Mancha with his niece and a housekeeper. He has become obsessed with books of chivalry, and believes th... - Wikipedia

      
  2. 1984 by George Orwell

    Cover Image for the book 1984

    The story follows the life of one seemingly insignificant man, Winston Smith, a civil servant assigned the task of perpetuating the regime's propaganda by falsifying records and political literatur... - Wikipedia

      
  3. Absalom, Absalom! by William Faulkner

    Cover Image for the book Absalom, Absalom!

    Absalom, Absalom! is a Southern Gothic novel by the American author William Faulkner, first published in 1936. It is a story about three families of the American South, taking place before, during,... - Wikipedia

      
  4. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain

    Cover Image for the book The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

    Revered by all of the town's children and dreaded by all of its mothers, Huckleberry Finn is indisputably the most appealing child-hero in American literature. Unlike the tall-tale, idyllic worl... - Publisher

      
  5. The Aeneid by Virgil

    Cover Image for the book The Aeneid

    The Aeneid is a Latin epic poem written by Virgil in the late 1st century BC (29–19 BC) that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy, where he became the ancestor of the... - Wikipedia

      
  6. Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy

    Cover Image for the book Anna Karenina

    Anna Karenina tells of the doomed love affair between the sensuous and rebellious Anna and the dashing officer, Count Vronsky. Tragedy unfolds as Anna rejects her passionless marriage and must endu... - Publisher

      
  7. Beloved by Toni Morrison

    Cover Image for the book Beloved

    Beloved (1987) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning novel by Nobel laureate Toni Morrison. The novel, her fifth, is loosely based on the life and legal case of the slave Margaret Garner, about whom Morrison... - wikipedia

      
  8. Berlin Alexanderplatz by Alfred Döblin

    Cover Image for the book Berlin Alexanderplatz

    The story concerns a small-time criminal, Franz Biberkopf, fresh from prison, who is drawn into the underworld. When his criminal mentor murders the prostitute whom Biberkopf has been relying on as... - Wikipedia

      
  9. Blindness by Jose Saramago

    Cover Image for the book Blindness

    Blindness is a novel by Portuguese author José Saramago. Blindness is the story of an unexplained mass epidemic of blindness afflicting nearly everyone in an unnamed city, and the social breakdo... - Wikipedia

      
  10. The Book of Disquiet by Fernando Pessoa

    Cover Image for the book The Book of Disquiet

    The Book Of Disquietude or The Book of Disquiet (Livro do Desassossego in Portuguese), published posthumously, is one of the greatest works by Fernando Pessoa. It is signed under the semi-heteronym... - Wikipedia

      
  11. The Book of Job by Israel

    Cover Image for the book The Book of Job

    The Book of Job is one of the books of the Hebrew Bible. It relates the story of Job, his trials at the hands of Satan, his theological discussions with friends on the origins and nature of his suf... - Wikipedia

      
  12. The Brothers Karamazov by Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    Cover Image for the book The Brothers Karamazov

    Dostoevsky's last and greatest novel, The Karamazov Brothers, is both a brilliantly told crime story and a passionate philosophical debate. The dissolute landowner Fyodor Pavlovich Karamazov is mur... - Publisher

      
  13. Buddenbrooks by Thomas Mann

    Cover Image for the book Buddenbrooks

    Buddenbrooks was Thomas Mann's first novel, published in 1901 when he was twenty-six years old. It portrays the downfall (already announced in the subtitle, Decline of a family) of a wealthy mer... - Wikipedia

      
  14. The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer

    Cover Image for the book The Canterbury Tales

    With their astonishing diversity of tone and subject matter, The Canterbury Tales have become one of the touchstones of medieval literature. Translated here into modern English, these tales of a mo... - Publisher

      
  15. The Castle by Franz Kafka

    Cover Image for the book The Castle

    The Castle is a novel by Franz Kafka. In it a protagonist, known only as K., struggles to gain access to the mysterious authorities of a castle who govern the village where he wants to work as a la... - Wikipedia

      
  16. Children of Gebelawi by Naguib Mahfouz

    Cover Image for the book Children of Gebelawi

    Children of Gebelawi, is a novel by the Egyptian writer and Nobel laureate Naguib Mahfouz. It is also known by its Egyptian dialectal transliteration, Awlad Haretna, formal Arabic transliteration, ... - Wikipedia

      
  17. Collected Fiction by Jorge Luis Borges

    Cover Image for the book Collected Fiction

    From his 1935 debut with The Universal History of Iniquity, through his immensely influential collections Ficciones and The Aleph, these enigmatic, elaborate, imaginative inventions display Borges'... - Publisher

      
  18. Complete Poems of Giacomo Leopardi by Giacomo Leopardi

    Cover Image for the book Complete Poems of Giacomo Leopardi

    Giacomo Taldegardo Francesco di Sales Saverio Pietro Leopardi (June 29, 1798 – June 14, 1837) was an Italian poet, essayist, philosopher, and philologist. - Wikipedia

      
  19. The Complete Stories of Franz Kafka by Franz Kafka

    Cover Image for the book The Complete Stories of Franz Kafka

    The Complete Stories of Franz Kafka is a compilation of all Kafka's short stories. With the exception of Kafka's three novels (The Trial, The Castle and Amerika), this collection includes all of Ka... - Wikipedia

      
  20. The Complete Tales of Edgar Allan Poe by Edgar Allan Poe

    Cover Image for the book The Complete Tales of Edgar Allan Poe

    Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American writer, poet, editor and literary critic, considered part of the American Romantic Movement. Best known for his tales of mystery... - Wikipedia

      
  21. Confessions of Zeno by Italo Svevo

    Cover Image for the book Confessions of Zeno

    Zeno's Conscience is a novel by Italian businessman and author Italo Svevo. The main character is Zeno Cosini and the book is the fictional character's memoirs that he keeps at the insistence of hi... - Wikipedia

      
  22. Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    Cover Image for the book Crime and Punishment

    It is a murder story, told from a murder;s point of view, that implicates even the most innocent reader in its enormities. It is a cat-and-mouse game between a tormented young killer and a cheerful... - Publisher

      
  23. Dead Souls by Nikolai Gogol

    Cover Image for the book Dead Souls

    Dead Souls by Nikolai Gogol, Russian writer, was first published in 1842, and is one of the most prominent works of 19th-century Russian literature. Gogol himself saw it as an "epic poem in prose",... - Wikipedia

      
  24. The Death of Ivan Ilyich by Leo Tolstoy

    Cover Image for the book The Death of Ivan Ilyich

    The Death of Ivan Ilyich, first published in 1886, is a novella by Leo Tolstoy, one of the masterpieces of his late fiction, written shortly after his conversion to Christianity. The novel tells... - Wikipedia

      
  25. Decameron by Giovanni Boccaccio

    Cover Image for the book Decameron

    In the early summer of the year 1348, as a terrible plague ravages the city, ten charming young Florentines take refuge in country villas to tell each other stories — a hundred stories of love, adv... - Publisher

      
  26. The Devil to Pay in the Backlands by Joao Guimaraes Rosa

    Cover Image for the book The Devil to Pay in the Backlands

    Grande Sertão: Veredas (Portuguese for Big Backcountry: Tracks, English translation: The Devil to Pay in the Backlands) is an influential novel published in 1956 by the Brazilian writer João Guimar... - Wikipedia

      
  27. Diary of a Madman by Nikolai Gogol

    Cover Image for the book Diary of a Madman

    "Diary of a Madman" (1835) is a farcical short story by Nikolai Gogol. Along with "The Overcoat" and "The Nose," "Diary of a Madman" is considered to be one of Gogol's greatest short stories. The t... - Wikipedia

      
  28. The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri

    Cover Image for the book The Divine Comedy

    Belonging in the immortal company of the great works of literature, Dante Alighieri's poetic masterpiece, The Divine Comedy, is a moving human drama, an unforgettable visionary journey through the ... - Publisher

      
  29. A Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen

    Cover Image for the book A Doll's House

    A Doll's House is an 1879 play by Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen. Written one year after The Pillars of Society, the play was the first of Ibsen's to create a sensation and is now perhaps his mo... - Wikipedia

      
  30. Epic of Gilgamesh by Unknown

    Cover Image for the book Epic of Gilgamesh

    The Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem from Ancient Iraq and is among the earliest known works of literary writings. Scholars believe that it originated as a series of Sumerian legends and poems abo... - Wikipedia

      
  31. Essays by Michel de Montaigne

    Cover Image for the book Essays

    Essays is the title given to a collection of 107 essays written by Michel de Montaigne that was first published in 1580. Montaigne essentially invented the literary form of essay, a short subjectiv... - Wikipedia

      
  32. Fairy Tales and Stories by Hans Christian Anderson

    Cover Image for the book Fairy Tales and Stories

    a Danish author and poet noted for his children's stories. These include "The Steadfast Tin Soldier", "The Snow Queen", "The Little Mermaid", "Thumbelina", "The Little Match Girl", and the "The Ugl... - Wikipedia

      
  33. Father Goriot by Honoré de Balzac

    Cover Image for the book Father Goriot

    Le Père Goriot (English: Father Goriot or Old Goriot) is an 1835 novel by French novelist and playwright Honoré de Balzac (1799–1850), included in the Scènes de la vie privée section of his novel s... - Wikipedia

      
  34. Faust by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

    Cover Image for the book Faust

    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust is a tragic play, although more appropriately it should be defined a tragicomedy, despite the very title of the work. It was published in two parts: Faust. Der Tr... - Wikipedia

      
  35. Gargantua and Pantagruel by Francois Rabelais

    Cover Image for the book Gargantua and Pantagruel

    The Life of Gargantua and of Pantagruel (in French, La vie de Gargantua et de Pantagruel) is a connected series of five novels written in the 16th century by François Rabelais. It is the story of t... - Wikipedia

      
  36. The Golden Notebook by Doris Lessing

    Cover Image for the book The Golden Notebook

    This book, as well as the couple that followed it, enters the realm of what Margaret Drabble in The Oxford Companion to English Literature has called Lessing's "inner space fiction", her work that ... - Wikipedia

      
  37. Great Expectations by Charles Dickens

    Cover Image for the book Great Expectations

    Great Expectations is written in the genre of "bildungsroman" or the style of book that follows the story of a man or woman in their quest for maturity, usually starting from childhood and ending i... - Wikipedia

      
  38. Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift

    Cover Image for the book Gulliver's Travels

    From the preeminent prose satirist in the English language, a great classic recounting the four remarkable journeys of ship's surgeon Lemuel Gulliver. For children it remains an enchanting fantasy;... - Publisher

      
  39. Gypsy Ballads by Federico Garcia Lorca

    Cover Image for the book Gypsy Ballads

    The publication in 1928 of Romancero gitano (written 1921–27; Gypsy Ballads), a poetry sequence inspired by the traditional Spanish romance, or ballad, catapulted Lorca into the national spotlight. - Encyclopædia Britannica Online

      
  40. Hamlet by William Shakespeare

    Cover Image for the book Hamlet

    The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, or more simply Hamlet, is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1599 and 1601. The play, set in Denmark, recounts how Pri... - Wikipedia

      
  41. History by Elsa Morante

    Cover Image for the book History

    History: A Novel is a novel by Italian author Elsa Morante, largely seen to be her most famous and controversial work. Published in 1974, it narrates the story of a woman, Ida Ramundo, and her two ... - Wikipedia

      
  42. Hunger by Knut Hamsun

    Cover Image for the book Hunger

    Hunger is a novel by the Norwegian author Knut Hamsun and was published in its final form in 1890. Parts of it had been published anonymously in the Danish magazine Ny Jord in 1888. The novel is ha... - Wikipedia

      
  43. The Idiot by Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    Cover Image for the book The Idiot

    The Idiot is a novel written by the Russian author Fyodor Dostoyevsky and first published in 1868. It was first published serially in Russian in Russky Vestnik, St. Petersburg, 1868-1869. The Idiot... - Wikipedia

      
  44. The Iliad by Homer

    Cover Image for the book The Iliad

    The Iliad is an epic poem in dactylic hexameters, traditionally attributed to Homer. Set in the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of Ilium by a coalition of Greek states, it tells of the battles and e... - Wikipedia

      
  45. Independent People by Halldor Laxness

    Cover Image for the book Independent People

    Independent People is an epic novel by Nobel laureate Halldór Laxness, published in 1946. It deals with the struggle of poor Icelandic farmers in the early 20th century, only freed from debt bondag... - Wikipedia

      
  46. In Search of Lost Time by Marcel Proust

    Cover Image for the book In Search of Lost Time

    Swann's Way, the first part of A la recherche de temps perdu, Marcel Proust's seven-part cycle, was published in 1913. In it, Proust introduces the themes that run through the entire work. The narr... - Publisher

      
  47. Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison

    Cover Image for the book Invisible Man

    The novel addresses many of the social and intellectual issues facing African-Americans in the early twentieth century, including black nationalism, the relationship between black identity and Marx... - Wikipedia

      
  48. Jacques the Fatalist and His Master by Denis Diderot

    Cover Image for the book Jacques the Fatalist and His Master

    The main subject of the book is the relationship between the valet Jacques and his master (who is never named). The two are traveling to a destination the narrator leaves insistently vague, and to ... - Wikipedia

      
  49. Journey to the End of The Night by Louis-Ferdinand Céline

    Cover Image for the book Journey to the End of The Night

    Journey to the End of Night is the first novel of Louis-Ferdinand Céline. This semi-autobiographical work describes antihero Ferdinand Bardamu. His surname, Bardamu, is derived from the French word... - Wikipedia

      
  50. King Lear by William Shakespeare

    Cover Image for the book King Lear

    King Lear is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1603 and 1606. It is considered one of his greatest works. The play is based on the legend of Leir of Britain, a... - Wikipedia

      
  51. Leaves of Grass by Walt Whitman

    Cover Image for the book Leaves of Grass

    Leaves of Grass (1855) is a poetry collection by the American poet Walt Whitman. Among the poems in the collection are "Song of Myself," "I Sing the Body Electric," "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Roc... - Wikipedia

      
  52. The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy by Laurence Sterne

    Cover Image for the book The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy

    The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman (or, more briefly, Tristram Shandy) is a novel by Laurence Sterne in the form of a poioumenon. It was published in nine volumes, the first two... - Wikipedia

      
  53. Lolita by Vladimir Nabokov

    Cover Image for the book Lolita

    The book is internationally famous for its innovative style and infamous for its controversial subject: the protagonist and unreliable narrator, middle aged Humbert Humbert, becomes obsessed and se... - Wikipedia

      
  54. Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert

    Cover Image for the book Madame Bovary

    For daring to peer into the heart of an adulteress and enumerate its contents with profound dispassion, the author of Madame Bovary was tried for "offenses against morality and religion." What shoc... - Publisher

      
  55. The Magic Mountain by Thomas Mann

    Cover Image for the book The Magic Mountain

    The Magic Mountain is a novel by Thomas Mann, first published in November 1924. It is widely considered to be one of the most influential works of 20th century German literature. - Wikipedia

      
  56. Mahabharata by India

    Cover Image for the book Mahabharata

    The Mahabharata is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa. The epic is part of the Hindu itihāsa (literally "history"), and forms an important part of Hi... - Wikipedia

      
  57. Malone Dies by Samuel Beckett

    Cover Image for the book Malone Dies

    Malone Dies is a novel by Samuel Beckett. It was first published in 1951, in French, as Malone Meurt, and later translated into English by the author. - Wikipedia

      
  58. The Man Without Qualities by Robert Musil

    Cover Image for the book The Man Without Qualities

    The Man without Qualities (1930-42) is a novel in three books by the Austrian novelist and essayist Robert Musil. The main issue of this "story of ideas", which takes place in the time of the Au... - Wikipedia

      
  59. Masnavi by Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi

    Cover Image for the book Masnavi

    The Masnavi or Masnavi-I Ma'navi, also written Mathnawi or Mesnevi, written in Persian by Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, the celebrated Persian Sufi saint and poet, is one of the best known and most i... - Wikipedia

      
  60. Medea by Euripides

    Cover Image for the book Medea

    Medea is an ancient Greek tragedy written by Euripides, based upon the myth of Jason and Medea and first produced in 431 BC. The plot centers on the barbarian protagonist as she finds her position ... - Wikipedia

      
  61. Memoirs of Hadrian by Marguerite Yourcenar

    Cover Image for the book Memoirs of Hadrian

    Memoirs of Hadrian is a novel by the French writer Marguerite Yourcenar about the life and death of Roman Emperor Hadrian. The book was first published in France in French in 1951 as Mémoires d'Had... - Wikipedia

      
  62. Metamorphoses by Ovid

    Cover Image for the book Metamorphoses

    The Metamorphoses by the Roman poet Ovid is a narrative poem in fifteen books that describes the creation and history of the world. Completed in 8 AD, it has remained one of the most popular works ... - Wikipedia

      
  63. Middlemarch by George Eliot

    Cover Image for the book Middlemarch

    Middlemarch: A Study of Provincial Life is a novel by George Eliot, the pen name of Mary Anne Evans, later Marian Evans. It is her seventh novel, begun in 1869 and then put aside during the final i... - Wikipedia

      
  64. Midnight's Children by Salman Rushdie

    Cover Image for the book Midnight's Children

    Midnight's Children is a loose allegory for events in India both before and, primarily, after the independence and partition of India, which took place at midnight on 15 August 1947. The protagonis... - Wikipedia

      
  65. Moby Dick by Herman Melville

    Cover Image for the book Moby Dick

    First published in 1851, Melville's masterpiece is, in Elizabeth Hardwick's words, "the greatest novel in American literature." The saga of Captain Ahab and his monomaniacal pursuit of the white wh... - Publisher

      
  66. Molloy by Samuel Beckett

    Cover Image for the book Molloy

    Molloy is a novel by Samuel Beckett. The English translation is by Beckett and Patrick Bowles. - Wikipedia

      
  67. Mrs. Dalloway by Virginia Woolf

    Cover Image for the book Mrs. Dalloway

    Created from two short stories, "Mrs Dalloway in Bond Street" and the unfinished "The Prime Minister", the novel's story is of Clarissa's preparations for a party of which she is to be hostess. Wit... - Wikipedia

      
  68. Njal's Saga by Iceland

    Cover Image for the book Njal's Saga

    Njáls saga is arguably the most famous of the Sagas of Icelanders. Among Icelanders, the saga is most often referred to simply as Njála. This Icelandic epic from the 13th century describes the p... - Wikipedia

      
  69. Nostromo by Joseph Conrad

    Cover Image for the book Nostromo

    Edited with an introduction and notes by Martin Seymour-Smith. In his evocation of the republic of Costaguana, set amid the exotic and grandiose scenery of South America, Conrad reveals not only th... - Publisher

      
  70. The Odyssey by Homer

    Cover Image for the book The Odyssey

    The Odyssey is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer. It is, in part, a sequel to the Iliad, the other work traditionally ascribed to Homer. The poem is fundamental to the m... - Wikipedia

      
  71. Oedipus the King by Sophocles

    Cover Image for the book Oedipus the King

    Oedipus the King is an Athenian tragedy by Sophocles that was first performed c. 429 BC. It was the second of Sophocles's three Theban plays to be produced, but it comes first in the internal chron... - Wikipedia

      
  72. The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway

    Cover Image for the book The Old Man and the Sea

    The Old Man and the Sea is one of Hemingway's most enduring works. Told in language of great simplicity and power, it is the story of an old Cuban fisherman, down on his luck, and his supreme ordea... - Publisher

      
  73. One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel Garcia Marquez

    Cover Image for the book One Hundred Years of Solitude

    One of the 20th century's enduring works, One Hundred Years of Solitude is a widely beloved and acclaimed novel known throughout the world, and the ultimate achievement in a Nobel Prize–winning car... - Publisher

      
  74. The Orchard by Sheikh Musharrif ud-din Sadi

    Cover Image for the book The Orchard

    Bostan (pronounced "Bustān") is a book of poetry by the Persian poet Saadi, completed in 1257. It was Saadi's first work, and its title means "the fruit orchard". The book contains the fruits of S... - Wikipedia

      
  75. Othello by William Shakespeare

    Cover Image for the book Othello

    Othello, the Moor of Venice is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in approximately 1603, and based on the Italian short story "Un Capitano Moro" ("A Moorish Captain") b... - Wikipedia

      
  76. Pedro Paramo by Juan Rulfo

    Cover Image for the book Pedro Paramo

    Pedro Páramo is a short novel written by Juan Rulfo, originally published in 1955. In just the 23 FCE editions and reprintings, it had sold by November 1997 1,143,000 copies. Other editions in Mexi... - Wikipedia

      
  77. Pippi Longstocking by Astrid Lindgren

    Cover Image for the book Pippi Longstocking

    Pippi Longstocking is a children's book written in 1945 by Astrid Lindgren. Pippi is a 9-year old that lives in an old villa in a Swedish town. (which remains unnamed for the series) She meet To... - Wikipedia

      
  78. Poems by Paul Celan

    Cover Image for the book Poems

    One of the greatest poets to ever write in German and among the most indispensable writers of the twentieth century in any language, Paul Celan's poems "embody a conviction that the truth of what h... - Publisher

      
  79. The Possessed by Fyodor Dostoevsky

    Cover Image for the book The Possessed

    The Possessed is an 1872 novel by Fyodor Dostoevsky. Though titled The Possessed in the initial English translation, Dostoevsky scholars and later translations favour the titles The Devils or Demon... - Wikipedia

      
  80. Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen

    Cover Image for the book Pride and Prejudice

    The book is narrated in free indirect speech following the main character Elizabeth Bennet as she deals with matters of upbringing, marriage, moral rightness and education in her aristocratic socie... - Wikipedia

      
  81. Ramayana by Valmiki

    Cover Image for the book Ramayana

    The Ramayana is an ancient Sanskrit epic. It is attributed to the Hindu sage Valmiki and forms an important part of the Hindu canon (smṛti). The Ramayana is one of the two great epics of India, the... - Wikipedia

      
  82. The Recognition of Sakuntala by Kalidasa

    Cover Image for the book The Recognition of Sakuntala

    The Recognition of Sakuntala is a well-known Sanskrit play by Kālidāsa. Its date is uncertain, but Kalidasa is often placed in the period between the 1st century BC and 4th century AD. The Sansk... - Wikipedia

      
  83. The Red and the Black by Stendhal

    Cover Image for the book The Red and the Black

    Le Rouge et le Noir (The Red and the Black), subtitled Chronique du XIXe siécle ("Chronicle of the 19th century"), is an historical psychological novel in two volumes by Stendhal, published in 1830... - Wikipedia

      
  84. Season of Migration to the North by Al-Tayyib Salih

    Cover Image for the book Season of Migration to the North

    Season of Migration to the North is a classic post-colonial Sudanese novel by the late novelist Al-Tayyib Salih. The novel charts individuation of the (un-named) narrator, who has returned to hi... - Wikipedia

      
  85. Selected Stories by Anton P Chekhov

    Cover Image for the book Selected Stories

    One of the great masters of the short story, Tolstoy called Chekhov an "incomparable artist of life," who wrote about the everyday world with humor, insight, and honesty. - Publisher

      
  86. A Sentimental Education by Gustave Flaubert

    Cover Image for the book A Sentimental Education

    The novel describes the life of a young man (Frederic Moreau) living through the revolution of 1848 and the founding of the Second French Empire, and his love for an older woman (based on the wife ... - Wikipedia

      
  87. Sons and Lovers by D. H. Lawrence

    Cover Image for the book Sons and Lovers

    Sons and Lovers is one of the landmark novels of the twentieth century. When it appeared in 1913, it was immediately recognized as the first great modern restatement of the oedipal drama, and it is... - Publisher

      
  88. The Sound and the Fury by William Faulkner

    Cover Image for the book The Sound and the Fury

    The Sound and the Fury is set in the fictional Yoknapatawpha County. The novel centers on the Compson family, former Southern aristocrats who are struggling to deal with the dissolution of their fa... - Wikipedia

      
  89. The Sound of the Mountain by Yasunari Kawabata

    Cover Image for the book The Sound of the Mountain

    The Sound of the Mountain (Yama no Oto) is a novel by Japanese writer Yasunari Kawabata, serialized between 1949 and 1954. Its translation into English by Edward G. Seidensticker was first publishe... - Wikipedia

      
  90. The Stranger by Albert Camus

    Cover Image for the book The Stranger

    Since it was first published in English, in 1946, Albert Camus's extraordinary first novel, The Stranger (L'Etranger), has had a profound impact on millions of American readers. Through this story ... - Publisher

      
  91. The Tale of Genji by Murasaki Shikibu

    Cover Image for the book The Tale of Genji

    The Tale of Genji is a classic work of Japanese literature attributed to the Japanese noblewoman Murasaki Shikibu in the early eleventh century, around the peak of the Heian Period. It is sometimes... - Wikipedia

      
  92. Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe

    Cover Image for the book Things Fall Apart

    A novel of great power that turns the world upside down. The Nigerian novelist Achebe reached back to the early days of his people's encounter with colonialism, the 1890's, though the white man and... - Time

      
  93. The Tin Drum by Günter Grass

    Cover Image for the book The Tin Drum

    Acclaimed as the greatest German novel written since the end of World War II, The Tin Drum is the autobiography of thirty-year-old Oskar Matzerath, who has lived through the long Nazi nightmare and... - Publisher

      
  94. To the Lighthouse by Virginia Woolf

    Cover Image for the book To the Lighthouse

    A landmark novel of high modernism, the text, centering on the Ramsay family and their visits to the Isle of Skye in Scotland between 1910 and 1920, skillfully manipulates temporality and psycholog... - Wikipedia

      
  95. The Trial by Franz Kafka

    Cover Image for the book The Trial

    Written in 1914, The Trial is one of the most important novels of the twentieth century: the terrifying tale of Josef K., a respectable bank officer who is suddenly and inexplicably arrested and mu... - Publisher

      
  96. Ulysses by James Joyce

    Cover Image for the book Ulysses

    Ulysses chronicles the passage of Leopold Bloom through Dublin during an ordinary day, June 16, 1904. The title parallels and alludes to Odysseus (Latinised into Ulysses), the hero of Homer's Odyss... - Wikipedia

      
  97. The Unnamable by Samuel Beckett

    Cover Image for the book The Unnamable

    The Unnamable is a 1953 novel by Samuel Beckett. It is the third and final entry in Beckett's "Trilogy" of novels, which begins with Molloy followed by Malone Dies. It was originally published in F... - Wikipedia

      
  98. War and Peace by Leo Tolstoy

    Cover Image for the book War and Peace

    Epic in scale, War and Peace delineates in graphic detail events leading up to Napoleon's invasion of Russia, and the impact of the Napoleonic era on Tsarist society, as seen through the eyes of fi... - Wikipedia

      
  99. Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë

    Cover Image for the book Wuthering Heights

    The narrative is non-linear, involving several flashbacks, and two primary narrators: Mr. Lockwood and Ellen "Nelly" Dean. The novel opens in 1801, with Mr. Lockwood arriving at Thrushcross Grange,... - Wikipedia

      
  100. Zorba the Greek by Nikos Kazantzakis

    Cover Image for the book Zorba the Greek

    Zorba the Greek is a novel written by the Greek author Nikos Kazantzakis, first published in 1946. It is the tale of a young Greek intellectual who ventures to escape his bookish life with the aid ... - Wikipedia

      

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The Other Lists

  1. 100 Most Influential Books of the Century

    Boston Public Library's list of "The 100 Most Influential Books of the Century". A booklist for Adults. - Boston Public Library

  2. 110 Best Books: The Perfect Library

    From classics and sci-fi to poetry, biographies and books that changed the world… we present the ultimate reading list. - The Telegraph

  3. 50 Greatest Books of All Time

    A list of the 50 greatest books of all time as determined by a panel of secret judges for Globe and Mail. The books are not ranked. - Globe and Mail

  4. 50 Memorable Books from 50 Years of Books to Remember

    A representative selection from over 1500 titles on annual lists of Books to Remember from 1956 to 2005. - The New York Public Library

  5. Books of the Decade

    The 50 books that defined the decade(2000) - The Guardian

  6. Costa Book Award - Best Novel

    The Costa Book Awards are a series of literary awards given to books by authors based in the United Kingdom and Ireland. They were known as the Whitbread Book Awards until 2005, after which Costa C... - Costa Coffee

  7. Donald Barthelme’s Reading List

    81 books recommended by Author Donald Barthelme to his students at the University of Houston. -

  8. Extreme Classics: The 100 Greatest Adventure Books of All Time

    The 100 greatest adventure books chosen by National Geographic. - National Geographic Adventure Magazine

  9. Great Books of the Western World

    Great Books of the Western World is a series of books originally published in the United States in 1952 by Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. to present the western canon in a single package of 54 volume... - Great Books Foundation

  10. Harvard Book Store Staff's Favorite 100 Books

    A list of the Harvard Book Store staff's top 100 favorite books. - Harvard Book Store

  11. Man Booker Prize

    The Man Booker Prize for Fiction, also known in short as the Booker Prize, is a literary prize awarded each year for the best original full-length novel, written in the English language, by a citiz... - Man Booker Prize

  12. National Book Award - Fiction

    The National Book Awards are among the most eminent literary prizes in the United States. Started in 1950, the awards are presented annually to American authors for literature published in the prio... - National Book Foundation

  13. National Book Award - Nonfiction

    The National Book Awards are among the most eminent literary prizes in the United States. Started in 1950, the awards are presented annually to American authors for literature published in the prio... - National Book Foundation

  14. National Book Critics Circle Award - Fiction

    The National Book Critics Circle Award is an annual award given by the National Book Critics Circle (NBCC) to promote the finest books and reviews published in English. - National Book Critics Circle

  15. National Book Critics Circle Award - Nonfiction

    The National Book Critics Circle Award is an annual award given by the National Book Critics Circle (NBCC) to promote the finest books and reviews published in English. - National Book Critics Circle

  16. Paste Magazine's Best Books of the Decade(2000-2009)

    The top 20 best books of the 2000s by Paste Magazine. It includes both fiction and nonfiction. - Paste Magazine

  17. PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction

    The PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction is awarded annually by the PEN/Faulkner Foundation to the author of the best American work of fiction that year. The winner receives US $15,000 and each of four... - PEN/Faulkner

  18. Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography

    The Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography has been presented since 1917 for a distinguished biography or autobiography by an American author. - Pulitzer Prize

  19. Pulitzer Prize for Fiction

    All the books that have won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction from 1948 to the present. - Pulitzer Prize

  20. Pulitzer Prize for History

    The Pulitzer Prize for History has been awarded since 1917 for a distinguished book upon the history of the United States. Many history books have also been awarded the Pulitzer Prize for General N... - Pulitzer Prize

  21. Pulitzer Prize for Non-Fiction

    The Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction has been awarded since 1962 for a distinguished book of non-fiction by an American author that is not eligible for consideration in any other category. - Pulitzer Prize

  22. Radcliffe's 100 Best Novels

    - Radcliffe Publishing Course

  23. St. John's College Academic Program Reading List

    The reading list that serves as the core of the St. John's College curriculum had its beginnings at Columbia College, at the University of Chicago, and at the University of Virginia. Since 1937, th... - St. John's College

  24. The 100 Best Books of the Decade(2000)

    The Time's list of the 100 Best Books of the 2000s. It's a mix of fiction and nonfiction. - Times

  25. The 100 Best Non-Fiction Books of the Century

    The 100 best non-fiction books of all time judged by a panel of historians, authors, publishers, and experts for the National Review Magazine. - National Review

  26. The 100 Greatest Novels of All Time: The List

    The Observer's list of essential fiction from the past 300 years. - The Observer

  27. The 100 Most Influential Books Ever Written

    The 100 Most Influential Books Ever Written: The History of Thought from Ancient Times to Today (1998) is a book of intellectual history written by Martin Seymour-Smith (1928–1998), a British poet,... - Martin Seymour-Smith

  28. The 10 Best of the Decade(2000)

    Entertainment Weekly's top 10 best books of the 2000s - Entertainment Weekly

  29. The 50 Best Books of the Century

    ISI defined "best" as "volumes of extraordinary reflection and creativity in a traditional form, which heartens us with the knowledge that fine writing and clear-mindedness are perennially possible... - Intercollegiate Studies Institute

  30. The 75 Books Every Man Should Read

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  31. The Best Books of the 2000s

    The Best Books of the 2000s according to the Onion AV club. Includes Fiction and Nonfiction. - The Onion AV Club

  32. The Best Southern Nonfiction of All Time

    The best southern United States nonfiction books of all time judged by 130 literary experts and authors. - Oxford American

  33. The Best Southern Novels of All Time

    A list of the best southern novels of all time by Oxford American Magazine judged by 130 experts as well as authors. - Oxford American

  34. The Big Read

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  35. The Modern Library | 100 Best Nonfiction

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  36. The Modern Library | 100 Best Novels

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  37. The New Classics - 100 Best Reads from 1983 to 2008

    Entertainment Weekly's list of the 100 best reads from 1083 to 2008. There's no description of who the judges were. - Entertainment Weekly

  38. The Novel 100: A Ranking of the Greatest Novels of All Time

    The list below is from the book The Novel 100: A Ranking of Greatest Novels All Time (Checkmark Books/Facts On File, Inc.: New York, 2004), written by Daniel S. Burt. - The Novel 100

  39. The Top 10: The Greatest Books of All Time

    The Top 10 book chosen by 125 top writers from the book "The Top 10" edited by J. Peder Zane. - The Top 10 (Book)

  40. TIME Magazine All Time 100 Novels

    Time critics Lev Grossman and Richard Lacayo pick the 100 best English-language novels from 1923 to the present. - TIME Magazine

  41. Top 100 Works in World Literature

    The editors of the Norwegian Book Clubs, with the Norwegian Nobel Institute, polled a panel of 100 authors from 54 countries on what they considered the “best and most central works in world litera... - Norwegian Book Clubs, with the Norwegian Nobel Institute

  42. Top 10 British, Irish or Commonwealth Novels from 1980 to 2005

    The Observer asked 150 literary luminaries to vote for the best British, Irish or Commonwealth novel from 1980 to 2005. - The Observer

  43. What Is the Best Work of American Fiction of the Last 25 Years?

    The New York Times Book Review's editor, Sam Tanenhaus, sent out a short letter to a couple of hundred prominent writers, critics, editors and other literary sages, asking them to please identify... - New York Times


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