Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography by Pulitzer Prize

The Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography has been presented since 1917 for a distinguished biography or autobiography by an American author.

  1. Julia Ward Howe by Laura E. Richards and Maud Howe Elliott

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    Maud Howe Elliott (November 9, 1854, Boston, Massachusetts – March 19, 1948, Newport, Rhode Island) was an American writer, most notable for her Pulitzer prize-winning collaboration with her sister...


  2. Benjamin Franklin, Self-Revealed by William Cabell Bruce

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    Benjamin Franklin, Self-Revealed is a biography of Benjamin Franklin written by William Cabell Bruce in 1917. A "biographical and critical study based mostly on [Benjamin Franklin's] own writings",...


  3. The Education of Henry Adams by Henry Adams

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    The Education of Henry Adams records the struggle of Bostonian Henry Adams (1838-1918), in early old age, to come to terms with the dawning 20th century, so different from the world of his youth. I...


  4. The Life of John Marshall by Albert J. Beveridge


  5. The Americanization of Edward Bok by Edward Bok


  6. A Daughter of the Middle Border by Hamlin Garland


  7. The Life and Letters of Walter H. Page by Burton J. Hendrick


  8. From Immigrant to Inventor by Michael I. Pupin


  9. Barrett Wendell and His Letters by M. A. Dewolfe Howe


  10. The Life of Sir William Osler by Harvey Cushing

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  11. Whitman by Emory Holloway


  12. Look Homeward, Angel by Thomas Wolfe

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    It is Wolfe's first novel, and is considered a highly autobiographical American Bildungsroman. The character of Eugene Gant is generally believed to be a depiction of Wolfe himself. The novel cover...

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  13. Charles W. Eliot by Henry James

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  14. The Raven by Marquis James

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  15. Theodore Roosevelt by Henry F. Pringle

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  16. John Hay by Tyler Dennett

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    Tyler Dennett (June 13, 1883, Spencer, Wisconsin – 1949) was an American historian and educator. He is best known for his book John Hay (1933), for which he won the 1934 Pulitzer Prize for biography.


  17. R. E. Lee by Douglas Southall Freeman

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    Autobiography of Robert E. Lee.

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  18. Grover Cleveland by Allan Nevins

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  19. The Life of Andrew Jackson by Marquis James

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    Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) was the seventh President of the United States (1829–1837). He was military governor of Florida (1821), commander of the American forces at the Battle...


  20. Hamilton Fish by Allan Nevins

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  21. Pedlar's Progress by Odell Shepard


  22. Benjamin Franklin by Carl Van Doren


  23. Woodrow Wilson, Life and Letters by Ray Stannard Baker

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    Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856–February 3, 1924) was the 28th President of the United States. A leading intellectual of the Progressive Era, he served as President of Princeton University...


  24. Johnathan Edward by Ola Elizabeth Winslow


  25. Crusader in Crinoline by Forrest Wilson


  26. Admiral of the Ocean Sea by Samuel Eliot Morison


  27. The American Leonardo: The Life of Samuel F B. Morse by Carleton Mabee

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    Samuel Finley Breese Morse (April 27, 1791 – April 2, 1872) was the American inventor of a single-wire telegraph system and Morse code and a painter of historic scenes.


  28. George Bancroft: Brahmin Rebel by Russel Blaine Nye


  29. The Autobiography of William Allen White by William Allen White


  30. Son of the Wilderness by Linnie Marsh Wolfe


  31. Forgotten First Citizen: John Bigelow by Margaret Clapp


  32. Roosevelt and Hopkins by Robert E. Sherwood


  33. Charles Evans Hughes by Merlo J. Pusey


  34. John C. Calhoun: American Portrait by Margaret Louise Coit


  35. Edmund Pendleton 1721–1803 by David J. Mays

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    Edmund Pendleton (September 9, 1721 – October 23, 1803) was a Virginia politician, lawyer and judge, active in the American Revolutionary War.


  36. The Spirit of St. Louis by Charles Lindbergh

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  37. Profiles in Courage by John F. Kennedy


  38. The Taft Story by William S. White


  39. Benjamin Henry Latrobe by Talbot Faulkner Hamlin


  40. George Washington by Douglas Southall Freeman


  41. John Paul Jones by Samuel Eliot Morison


  42. Woodrow Wilson, American Prophet by Arthur Walworth

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  43. Charles Sumner and the Coming of the Civil War by David Donald

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  44. Henry James by Leon Edel

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  45. John Keats by Walter Jackson Bate

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  46. Henry Adams by Ernest Samuels

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  47. A Thousand Days by Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.


  48. Mr. Clemens and Mark Twain by Justin Kaplan


  49. Memoirs by George Frost Kennan


  50. Huey Long by Thomas Harry Williams

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  51. Eleanor and Franklin by Joseph P. Lash

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  52. Luce and His Empire by W.A. Swanberg

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  53. The Power Broker by Robert Caro

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    The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York is a Pulitzer Prize-winning 1974 biography of Robert Moses, "New York City's Master Builder", by Robert Caro. In the years since its publicat...


  54. O'Neill, Son and Artist by Louis Sheaffer

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    Eugene Gladstone O'Neill (16 October 1888 – 27 November 1953) was an American playwright, and Nobel laureate in Literature. His plays are among the first to introduce into American drama the techni...


  55. Edith Wharton: A Biography by R. W. B. Lewis

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    Edith Wharton: A Biography

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  56. A Prince of Our Disorder: The Life of T E. Lawrence by John E. Mack

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    Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Edward Lawrence CB, DSO (16 August 1888 – 19 May 1935), known professionally as T. E. Lawrence, was a British military officer renowned especially for his liaison role dur...


  57. Samuel Johnson by Walter Jackson Bate

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    This 1979 chronicle is seen by critics not only as the definitive life of Dr. Johnson, but as a model of well-researched, lucid, fair--but always affectionate--biography.


  58. Days of Sorrow and Pain: Leo Baeck and the Berlin Jews by Leonard Baker

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    Leo Baeck (23 May 1873 – 2 November 1956) was a 20th century German-Polish-Jewish Rabbi, scholar, and a leader of Progressive Judaism.


  59. The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt by Edmund Morris

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    The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt (1979) is a Pulitzer Prize winning biography of President Theodore Roosevelt by Edmund Morris. It is the first in a planned trilogy with the second volume Theodore Re...


  60. Peter the Great: His Life and World by Robert K. Massie


  61. Grant: A Biography by William S. McFeely


  62. Growing Up by Russell Baker


  63. Booker T. Washington: The Wizard of Tuskegee, 1901–1915 by Louis R. Harlan

    Image of Booker T. Washington: The Wizard of Tuskegee, 1901–1915

    Booker Taliaferro Washington (April 5, 1856, – November 14, 1915) was an American political leader, educator, orator and author. He was the dominant figure in the African American community in the ...


  64. The Life and Times of Cotton Mather by Kenneth Silverman

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    Cotton Mather (February 12, 1663 – February 13, 1728; A.B. 1678, Harvard College; A.M. 1681, honorary doctorate 1710, University of Glasgow) was a socially and politically influential New England P...


  65. Louise Bogan: A Portrait by Elizabeth Frank


  66. Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference by David J. Garrow

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    Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist and prominent leader in the African-American civil rights movement. His main legacy was to secure prog...


  67. Oscar Wilde by Richard Ellmann


  68. Machiavelli in Hell by Sebastian de Grazia


  69. Lindbergh by A. Scott Berg

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    Andrew Scott Berg (born December 4, 1949) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American biographer. After graduating from Princeton University in 1971, Berg expanded his senior thesis, about editor Maxwell ...


  70. Truman by David McCullough


  71. W.E.B. Dubois : Biography of a Race, 1868–1919 by David Levering Lewis

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    William Edward Burghardt Du Bois - the premier architect of the civil rights movement in America - was a towering and controversial personality, a fiercely proud individual blessed with the languag...


  72. Harriet Beecher Stowe: A Life by Joan D. Hedrick


  73. God: A Biography by Jack Miles

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    God: A Biography is a nonfiction book by Jack Miles. The book recounts the tale of existence of the Judeo-Christian deity as the protagonist of the Hebrew Tanak or Christian Bible Old Testament. Th...


  74. Angela's Ashes: A Memoir by Frank McCourt

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    Angela’s Ashes is a memoir by Irish-American author Frank McCourt and tells the story of his childhood in Brooklyn and Ireland. It was published in 1996 and won the Pulitzer Prize for Biography or ...


  75. Personal History by Katharine Graham

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    Personal History is the autobiography of Katharine Graham. It was published in 1997 and won the Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography in 1998. The book received widespread critical acclaim ...


  76. Vera by Stacy Schiff


  77. John Adams by David McCullough

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    John Adams is a 2001 biography of Founding Father and second U.S. President John Adams written by popular historian David McCullough. It won a 2002 Pulitzer Prize (for "Biography or Autobiography")...


  78. W.E.B. Du Bois: The Fight for Equality and The American Century by David Levering Lewis

    Image of W.E.B. Du Bois: The Fight for Equality and The American Century

    William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (pronounced /duːˈbɔɪs/ doo-BOYSS) (February 23, 1868 – August 27, 1963) was an American civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, sociologist, historian, author, and e...


  79. Master of the Senate by Robert Caro

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    In the third and most-recently published volume, Master of the Senate, Caro chronicles Johnson's rapid ascent in the United States Congress, including his tenure as Senate Majority Leader. This 116...


  80. Khrushchev: The Man and His Era by William Taubman


  81. American Prometheus by Kai Bird and Martin J. Sherwin

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    American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer is a biography of J. Robert Oppenheimer by Kai Bird and Martin J. Sherwin published by Alfred A. Knopf in 2005. Twenty-five yea...


  82. de Kooning by Mark Stevens and Annalyn Swan

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  83. The Most Famous Man in America by Debby Applegate


  84. Eden's Outcasts by John Matteson

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