Fernando Pessoa was a Portuguese poet, writer, literary critic, translator, publisher, and philosopher, described as one of the most significant literary figures of the 20th century and one of the greatest poets in the Portuguese language. Born on June 13, 1888, in Lisbon, Portugal, Pessoa is best known for his heteronyms, alternative personas with their own biographies, worldviews, and writing styles. His most famous works include 'The Book of Disquiet' and poems such as 'Mar Português'. Pessoa's writings are characterized by a deep existentialism and reflection on the nature of the self. He died on November 30, 1935, in Lisbon.
This list of books are ONLY the books that have been ranked on the lists that are aggregated on this site. This is not a comprehensive list of all books by this author.
"The Book of Disquiet" is a posthumously published collection of thoughts and musings of a solitary dreamer, who is a Lisbon-based bookkeeper. The book delves into the mind of a man who is discontented with his mundane life and finds solace in dreaming and writing. The narrative is a profound reflection on life, solitude, and the nature of humanity, filled with philosophical insights and poetic language. The protagonist's introspective journey and his struggles with existential despair make it a seminal work in the genre of literary modernism.
"The Keeper of Sheep" is a philosophical and introspective collection of poetry that delves into themes of existence, consciousness, and the nature of reality through the eyes of a shepherd. The shepherd, a persona of the author, reflects on the simplicity and complexity of life while tending to his flock, offering a unique perspective on the mundane and the profound. The poems are characterized by their contemplative tone and a sense of detachment from the material world, inviting readers to question their own perceptions and the essence of being. Through this pastoral figure, the work explores the interplay between the external world and internal thought, ultimately seeking a deeper understanding of the self and the universe.
This collection brings together the rich and varied poetic works of one of Portugal's most celebrated literary figures, a writer known for his multiple writing personas, or 'heteronyms.' The book showcases a selection of poems that delve into themes of existentialism, identity, and the nature of reality, reflecting the author's deep introspection and his fascination with the self and its multiplicities. The poems range from sonnets to free verse, each offering a window into the author's complex inner world and his philosophical musings, all while capturing the unique spirit of early 20th-century Portuguese culture.
"Always Astonished" is a collection of writings that offers a glimpse into the profound and often perplexing musings of its author, a renowned literary figure known for his philosophical insights and multiple writing personas. The book is a compilation of texts that span various genres, including poetry, prose, and philosophical reflections. It captures the author's unique ability to delve into the complexities of the human soul, existential angst, and the search for meaning in a seemingly indifferent universe. Through a series of contemplative and often contradictory voices, the work invites readers to confront the enigmatic nature of existence and the eternal quest for self-discovery and astonishment at the world.
"Mensagem" is a collection of 44 poems that pay homage to Portugal's heroic past, particularly its Age of Discovery. The work is divided into three parts: the first part focuses on the country's mythical origins, the second part celebrates the nation's maritime explorations and discoveries, and the third part reflects on the decline and future resurrection of Portugal. The author uses symbolic and allegorical language to convey his deep love for his homeland and his belief in its potential for greatness.