One Thousand and One Nights by India/Iran/Iraq/Egypt

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One Thousand and One Nights is a collection of Middle Eastern and South Asian stories and folk tales compiled in Arabic during the Islamic Golden Age. It is often known in English as the Arabian Nights, from the first English language edition (1706), which rendered the title as The Arabian Nights' Entertainment. The original concept is most likely derived from an ancient Sassanid Persian prototype that relied partly on Indian elements,[2] but the work as we have it was collected over many centuries by various authors, translators and scholars across the Middle East and North Africa. The tales themselves trace their roots back to ancient and medieval Arabic, Persian, Indian, Egyptian and Mesopotamian folklore and literature. In particular, many tales were originally folk stories from the Caliphate era, while others, especially the frame story, are most probably drawn from the Pahlavi Persian work Hazār Afsān. Though the oldest Arabic manuscript dates from the 14th century, scholarship generally dates the collection's genesis to around the 9th century. What is common throughout all the editions of the Nights is the initial frame story of the ruler Shahryar (from Persian: شهريار, meaning "king" or "sovereign") and his wife Scheherazade (from Persian: شهرزاده, meaning "townswoman") and the framing device incorporated throughout the tales themselves. The stories proceed from this original tale; some are framed within other tales, while others begin and end of their own accord. Some editions contain only a few hundred nights, while others include 1,001 or more. Some of the best-known stories of The Nights, particularly "Aladdin's Wonderful Lamp", "Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves" and "The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor", while almost certainly genuine Middle-Eastern folk tales, were not part of The Nights in Arabic versions, but were interpolated into the collection by its early European translators.

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The 30th greatest fiction book of all time

This book is on the following lists:

  1. - 6th on Biblioteca (Argentina)
  2. - 7th on For The Love of Books (For The Love of Books)
  3. - 10th on El Pais Favorite Books of 100 Spanish Authors (El Pais)
  4. - 16th on 100 Best Books (Montana State University)
  5. - 53rd on 100 Essential Books (Bravo! Magazine)
  6. - 58th on The Top 10: The Greatest Books of All Time (The Top 10 (Book))
  7. - 90th on Pour une Bibliothèque Idéale (Raymond Queneau)
  8. - 96th on The Telegraph’s 100 Novels Everyone Should Read (Telegraph)
  9. - 50 Books That Changed the World (Open Education Database)
  10. - The 100 Greatest Books Ever Written (Easton Press)
  11. - Recommended Books (Academy of Achievement)
  12. - The New Lifetime Reading Plan (The New Lifetime Reading Plan)
  13. - ZEIT-Bibliothek der 100 Bücher (Die Zeit)
  14. - Top 100 Works in World Literature (Norwegian Book Clubs, with the Norwegian Nobel Institute)
  15. - Books That Changed the World: The 50 Most Influential Books in Human History (Book)
  16. - The College Board: 101 Great Books Recommended for College-Bound Readers (
  17. - Masterpieces of World Literature (Frank N. Magill)
  18. - The Graphic Canon (Book)
  19. - Great Books (The Learning Channel)

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