Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography by Pulitzer Prize

The Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography has been presented since 1917 for a distinguished biography or autobiography by an American author.

  1. The Education of Henry Adams by Henry Adams

    The Education of Henry Adams records the struggle of Bostonian Henry Adams (1838-1918), in early old age, to come to terms with the dawning 20th century, so different from the world of his youth. I...

  2. Henry James by Leon Edel

  3. Edith Wharton: A Biography by R. W. B. Lewis

    Edith Wharton: A Biography

  4. Samuel Johnson by Walter Jackson Bate

    This 1979 chronicle is seen by critics not only as the definitive life of Dr. Johnson, but as a model of well-researched, lucid, fair--but always affectionate--biography.

  5. The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt by Edmund Morris

    The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt (1979) is a Pulitzer Prize winning biography of President Theodore Roosevelt by Edmund Morris. It is the first in a planned trilogy with the second volume Theodore Re...

  6. The Power Broker by Robert Caro

    The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York is a Pulitzer Prize-winning 1974 biography of Robert Moses, "New York City's Master Builder", by Robert Caro. In the years since its publicat...

  7. American Lion: Andrew Jackson in the White House by Jon Matteson

  8. Eden's Outcasts by Jon Matteson

  9. The Most Famous Man in America by Debby Applegate

  10. American Prometheus by Kai Bird, Martin J. Sherwin

    American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer is a biography of J. Robert Oppenheimer by Kai Bird and Martin J. Sherwin published by Alfred A. Knopf in 2005. Twenty-five yea...

  11. de Kooning by Mark Stevens, Annalyn Swan

  12. Khrushchev: The Man and His Era by William Taubman

  13. Master of the Senate by Robert Caro

    In the third and most-recently published volume, Master of the Senate, Caro chronicles Johnson's rapid ascent in the United States Congress, including his tenure as Senate Majority Leader. This 116...

  14. John Adams by David McCullough

    John Adams is a 2001 biography of Founding Father and second U.S. President John Adams written by popular historian David McCullough. It won a 2002 Pulitzer Prize (for "Biography or Autobiography")...

  15. W.E.B. Du Bois: The Fight for Equality and The American Century by David Levering Lewis

    William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (pronounced /duːˈbɔɪs/ doo-BOYSS) (February 23, 1868 – August 27, 1963) was an American civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, sociologist, historian, author, and e...

  16. Vera by Stacy Schiff

  17. Julia Ward Howe by Laura E. Richards, Maud Howe Elliott

    Maud Howe Elliott (November 9, 1854, Boston, Massachusetts – March 19, 1948, Newport, Rhode Island) was an American writer, most notable for her Pulitzer prize-winning collaboration with her sister...

  18. Benjamin Franklin, Self-Revealed by William Cabell Bruce

    Benjamin Franklin, Self-Revealed is a biography of Benjamin Franklin written by William Cabell Bruce in 1917. A "biographical and critical study based mostly on [Benjamin Franklin's] own writings",...

  19. The Life of John Marshall by Albert J. Beveridge

  20. The Americanization of Edward Bok by Edward Bok

  21. A Daughter of the Middle Border by Hamlin Garland

  22. The Life and Letters of Walter H. Page by Burton J. Hendrick

  23. From Immigrant to Inventor by Michael I. Pupin

  24. Barrett Wendell and His Letters by M. A. Dewolfe Howe

  25. The Life of Sir William Osler by Harvey Cushing

  26. Whitman by Emory Holloway

  27. The American Orchestra and Theodore Thomas by Charles Edward Russell

  28. The Raven by Marquis James

  29. Charles W. Eliot by Henry James

  30. Theodore Roosevelt by Henry F. Pringle

  31. Grover Cleveland by Allan Nevins

  32. John Hay by Tyler Dennett

    Tyler Dennett (June 13, 1883, Spencer, Wisconsin – 1949) was an American historian and educator. He is best known for his book John Hay (1933), for which he won the 1934 Pulitzer Prize for biography.

  33. R. E. Lee by Douglas Southall Freeman

    Autobiography of Robert E. Lee.

  34. The Thought and Character of William James by Ralph Barton Perry

  35. Hamilton Fish by Allan Nevins

  36. Pedlar's Progress by Odell Shepard

  37. The Life of Andrew Jackson by Marquis James

    Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) was the seventh President of the United States (1829–1837). He was military governor of Florida (1821), commander of the American forces at the Battle...

  38. Benjamin Franklin by Carl Van Doren

  39. Woodrow Wilson, Life and Letters by Ray Stannard Baker

    Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856–February 3, 1924) was the 28th President of the United States. A leading intellectual of the Progressive Era, he served as President of Princeton University...

  40. Johnathan Edward by Ola Elizabeth Winslow

  41. Crusader in Crinoline by Forrest Wilson

  42. Admiral of the Ocean Sea by Samuel Eliot Morison

  43. The American Leonardo: The Life of Samuel F B. Morse by Carleton Mabee

    Samuel Finley Breese Morse (April 27, 1791 – April 2, 1872) was the American inventor of a single-wire telegraph system and Morse code and a painter of historic scenes.

  44. George Bancroft: Brahmin Rebel by Russel Blaine Nye

  45. Son of the Wilderness by Linnie Marsh Wolfe

  46. The Autobiography of William Allen White by William Allen White

  47. Forgotten First Citizen: John Bigelow by Margaret Clapp

  48. Roosevelt and Hopkins by Robert E. Sherwood

  49. John C. Calhoun: American Portrait by Margaret Louise Coit

  50. Charles Evans Hughes by Merlo J. Pusey

  51. Edmund Pendleton 1721–1803 by David J. Mays

    Edmund Pendleton (September 9, 1721 – October 23, 1803) was a Virginia politician, lawyer and judge, active in the American Revolutionary War.

  52. The Spirit of St. Louis by Charles Lindbergh

  53. The Taft Story by William S. White

  54. Benjamin Henry Latrobe by Talbot Faulkner Hamlin

  55. Profiles in Courage by John F. Kennedy

  56. George Washington by Douglas Southall Freeman

  57. Woodrow Wilson, American Prophet by Arthur Walworth

  58. John Paul Jones by Samuel Eliot Morison

  59. Charles Sumner and the Coming of the Civil War by David Donald

  60. John Keats by Walter Jackson Bate

  61. Henry Adams by Ernest Samuels

  62. A Thousand Days by Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr

  63. Mr. Clemens and Mark Twain by Justin Kaplan

  64. Memoirs by George Frost Kennan

  65. Huey Long by Thomas Harry Williams

  66. Robert Frost: The Years of Triumph, 1915–1938 by Lawrence Thompson

  67. Eleanor and Franklin by Joseph P. Lash

  68. Luce and His Empire by W. A. Swanberg

  69. O'Neill, Son and Artist by Louis Sheaffer

    Eugene Gladstone O'Neill (16 October 1888 – 27 November 1953) was an American playwright, and Nobel laureate in Literature. His plays are among the first to introduce into American drama the techni...

  70. A Prince of Our Disorder: The Life of T E. Lawrence by John E. Mack

    Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Edward Lawrence CB, DSO (16 August 1888 – 19 May 1935), known professionally as T. E. Lawrence, was a British military officer renowned especially for his liaison role dur...

  71. Days of Sorrow and Pain: Leo Baeck and the Berlin Jews by Leonard Baker

    Leo Baeck (23 May 1873 – 2 November 1956) was a 20th century German-Polish-Jewish Rabbi, scholar, and a leader of Progressive Judaism.

  72. Peter the Great: His Life and World by Robert K. Massie

  73. Grant: A Biography by William S. McFeely

  74. Growing Up by Russell Baker

  75. Booker T. Washington: The Wizard of Tuskegee, 1901–1915 by Louis R. Harlan

    Booker Taliaferro Washington (April 5, 1856, – November 14, 1915) was an American political leader, educator, orator and author. He was the dominant figure in the African American community in the ...

  76. The Life and Times of Cotton Mather by Kenneth Silverman

    Cotton Mather (February 12, 1663 – February 13, 1728; A.B. 1678, Harvard College; A.M. 1681, honorary doctorate 1710, University of Glasgow) was a socially and politically influential New England P...

  77. Louise Bogan: A Portrait by Elizabeth Frank

  78. Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference by David J. Garrow

    Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist and prominent leader in the African-American civil rights movement. His main legacy was to secure prog...

  79. Oscar Wilde by Richard Ellmann

  80. Machiavelli in Hell by Sebastian de Grazia

  81. Jackson Pollock: An American Saga by Steven Naifeh, Gregory White Smith

  82. Fortunate Son: The Autobiography of Lewis B. Puller Jr. by Lewis B. Puller

  83. Truman by David McCullough

  84. Harriet Beecher Stowe: A Life by Joan D. Hedrick

  85. God: A Biography by Jack Miles

    God: A Biography is a nonfiction book by Jack Miles. The book recounts the tale of existence of the Judeo-Christian deity as the protagonist of the Hebrew Tanak or Christian Bible Old Testament. Th...

  86. Angela's Ashes: A Memoir by Frank McCourt

    Angela’s Ashes is a memoir by Irish-American author Frank McCourt and tells the story of his childhood in Brooklyn and Ireland. It was published in 1996 and won the Pulitzer Prize for Biography or ...

  87. Personal History by Katharine Graham

    Personal History is the autobiography of Katharine Graham. It was published in 1997 and won the Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography in 1998. The book received widespread critical acclaim ...

  88. Lindbergh by A. Scott Berg

    Andrew Scott Berg (born December 4, 1949) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American biographer. After graduating from Princeton University in 1971, Berg expanded his senior thesis, about editor Maxwell ...

  89. W.E.B. Dubois : Biography of a Race, 1868–1919 by David Levering Lewis

    William Edward Burghardt Du Bois - the premier architect of the civil rights movement in America - was a towering and controversial personality, a fiercely proud individual blessed with the languag...

  90. Look Homeward, Angel by Thomas Wolfe

    It is Wolfe's first novel, and is considered a highly autobiographical American Bildungsroman. The character of Eugene Gant is generally believed to be a depiction of Wolfe himself. The novel cover...

    - 1929
  91. The First Tycoon: The Epic Life of Cornelius Vanderbilt by T. J. Stiles

    A biography of the combative man whose genius and force of will created modern capitalism, documenting how Vanderbilt helped launch the transportation revolution, propel the Gold Rush, reshape Manh...

    - Google
  92. Washington: A Life by Ron Chernow

    Washington: A Life is a 2010 biography of George Washington, the first President of the United States, written by American historian and biographer Ron Chernow. The book is a "one-volume, cradle-to...

  93. George F. Kennan: An American Life by John Lewis Gaddis

    George F. Kennan: An American Life is a nonfiction book about U.S. diplomat George F. Kennan by John Lewis Gaddis that won the 2012 Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography.Pulitzer.org descri...

  94. The Black Count: Glory, Revolution, Betrayal, and the Real Count of Monte Cristo by Tom Reiss

    The Black Count: Glory, Revolution, Betrayal, and the Real Count of Monte Cristo is a 2012 biography of General Thomas-Alexandre Dumas written by Tom Reiss. The book presents the life and career of...

  95. Margaret Fuller: A New American Life by Megan Marshall

    Winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Biography From an early age, Margaret Fuller provoked and dazzled New England’s intellectual elite. Her famous Conversations changed women’s sense of how they could...

    - Google
  96. The Pope and Mussolini by David I. Kertzer

    The Pope and Mussolini: The Secret History of Pius XI and the Rise of Fascism in Europe is a 2014 Pulitzer Prize winner biography of Pope Pius XI about his relations with Benito Mussolini and rise ...

  97. Barbarian Days: A Surfing Life by William Finnegan

    Surfing only looks like a sport. To initiates, it is something else entirely: a beautiful addiction, a demanding course of study, a morally dangerous pastime, a way of life. Raised in California an...

    - Google
  98. The Return by Hisham Matar

    The Return is a memoir by Hisham Matar that was first published in June 2016. The memoir centers on Matar's return to his native Libya in 2012 to search for the truth behind the 1990 disappearance ...

  99. Prairie Fires: The American Dreams of Laura Ingalls Wilder by Caroline Fraser

    The first comprehensive historical biography of Laura Ingalls Wilder, the beloved author of the Little House on the Prairie books Millions of readers of Little House on the Prairie believe they kno...

    - Google
  100. The New Negro: The Life of Alain Locke by Jeffrey C. Stewart

    The New Negro: The Life of Alain Locke is a 2018 biography of Alain LeRoy Locke written by historian Jeffrey C. Stewart. The biography examines the life of Locke, an African-American activist and s...

  101. Sontag: Her Life and Work by Benjamin Moser

    Sontag: Her Life and Work is a 2019 biography of American writer Susan Sontag written by Benjamin Moser. The book won the 2020 Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography. Judges of the prize ca...