Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography by Pulitzer Prize

The Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography has been presented since 1917 for a distinguished biography or autobiography by an American author.

  1. Julia Ward Howe by Laura E. Richards, Maud Howe Elliott

    Maud Howe Elliott (November 9, 1854, Boston, Massachusetts – March 19, 1948, Newport, Rhode Island) was an American writer, most notable for her Pulitzer prize-winning collaboration with her sister...

  2. Benjamin Franklin, Self-Revealed by William Cabell Bruce

    Benjamin Franklin, Self-Revealed is a biography of Benjamin Franklin written by William Cabell Bruce in 1917. A "biographical and critical study based mostly on [Benjamin Franklin's] own writings",...

  3. The Education of Henry Adams by Henry Adams

    The Education of Henry Adams records the struggle of Bostonian Henry Adams (1838-1918), in early old age, to come to terms with the dawning 20th century, so different from the world of his youth. I...

  4. The Life of John Marshall by Albert J. Beveridge

  5. The Americanization of Edward Bok by Edward Bok

  6. A Daughter of the Middle Border by Hamlin Garland

  7. The Life and Letters of Walter H. Page by Burton J. Hendrick

  8. From Immigrant to Inventor by Michael I. Pupin

  9. The Life of Sir William Osler by Harvey Cushing

  10. Barrett Wendell and His Letters by M. A. Dewolfe Howe

  11. The American Orchestra and Theodore Thomas by Charles Edward Russell

  12. Whitman by Emory Holloway

  13. Look Homeward, Angel by Thomas Wolfe

    It is Wolfe's first novel, and is considered a highly autobiographical American Bildungsroman. The character of Eugene Gant is generally believed to be a depiction of Wolfe himself. The novel cover...

    - 1929
  14. The Raven by Marquis James

  15. Charles W. Eliot by Henry James

  16. Theodore Roosevelt by Henry F. Pringle

  17. John Hay by Tyler Dennett

    Tyler Dennett (June 13, 1883, Spencer, Wisconsin – 1949) was an American historian and educator. He is best known for his book John Hay (1933), for which he won the 1934 Pulitzer Prize for biography.

  18. Grover Cleveland by Allan Nevins

  19. R. E. Lee by Douglas Southall Freeman

    Autobiography of Robert E. Lee.

  20. The Thought and Character of William James by Ralph Barton Perry

  21. The Life of Andrew Jackson by Marquis James

    Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) was the seventh President of the United States (1829–1837). He was military governor of Florida (1821), commander of the American forces at the Battle...

  22. Hamilton Fish by Allan Nevins

  23. Benjamin Franklin by Carl Van Doren

  24. Pedlar's Progress by Odell Shepard

  25. Woodrow Wilson, Life and Letters by Ray Stannard Baker

    Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856–February 3, 1924) was the 28th President of the United States. A leading intellectual of the Progressive Era, he served as President of Princeton University...

  26. Johnathan Edward by Ola Elizabeth Winslow

  27. Crusader in Crinoline by Forrest Wilson

  28. Admiral of the Ocean Sea by Samuel Eliot Morison

  29. The American Leonardo: The Life of Samuel F B. Morse by Carleton Mabee

    Samuel Finley Breese Morse (April 27, 1791 – April 2, 1872) was the American inventor of a single-wire telegraph system and Morse code and a painter of historic scenes.

  30. George Bancroft: Brahmin Rebel by Russel Blaine Nye

  31. The Autobiography of William Allen White by William Allen White

  32. Son of the Wilderness by Linnie Marsh Wolfe

  33. Forgotten First Citizen: John Bigelow by Margaret Clapp

  34. Roosevelt and Hopkins by Robert E. Sherwood

  35. Charles Evans Hughes by Merlo J. Pusey

  36. John C. Calhoun: American Portrait by Margaret Louise Coit

  37. Edmund Pendleton 1721–1803 by David J. Mays

    Edmund Pendleton (September 9, 1721 – October 23, 1803) was a Virginia politician, lawyer and judge, active in the American Revolutionary War.

  38. The Spirit of St. Louis by Charles Lindbergh

  39. Profiles in Courage by John F. Kennedy

  40. The Taft Story by William S. White

  41. Benjamin Henry Latrobe by Talbot Faulkner Hamlin

  42. George Washington by Douglas Southall Freeman

  43. Woodrow Wilson, American Prophet by Arthur Walworth

  44. John Paul Jones by Samuel Eliot Morison

  45. Charles Sumner and the Coming of the Civil War by David Donald

  46. Henry James by Leon Edel

  47. John Keats by Walter Jackson Bate

  48. Henry Adams by Ernest Samuels

  49. Mr. Clemens and Mark Twain by Justin Kaplan

  50. A Thousand Days by Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr

  51. Memoirs by George Frost Kennan

  52. Huey Long by Thomas Harry Williams

  53. Robert Frost: The Years of Triumph, 1915–1938 by Lawrence Thompson

  54. Eleanor and Franklin by Joseph P. Lash

  55. Luce and His Empire by W. A. Swanberg

  56. O'Neill, Son and Artist by Louis Sheaffer

    Eugene Gladstone O'Neill (16 October 1888 – 27 November 1953) was an American playwright, and Nobel laureate in Literature. His plays are among the first to introduce into American drama the techni...

  57. The Power Broker by Robert Caro

    The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York is a Pulitzer Prize-winning 1974 biography of Robert Moses, "New York City's Master Builder", by Robert Caro. In the years since its publicat...

  58. Edith Wharton: A Biography by R. W. B. Lewis

    Edith Wharton: A Biography

  59. A Prince of Our Disorder: The Life of T E. Lawrence by John E. Mack

    Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Edward Lawrence CB, DSO (16 August 1888 – 19 May 1935), known professionally as T. E. Lawrence, was a British military officer renowned especially for his liaison role dur...

  60. Samuel Johnson by Walter Jackson Bate

    This 1979 chronicle is seen by critics not only as the definitive life of Dr. Johnson, but as a model of well-researched, lucid, fair--but always affectionate--biography.

  61. Days of Sorrow and Pain: Leo Baeck and the Berlin Jews by Leonard Baker

    Leo Baeck (23 May 1873 – 2 November 1956) was a 20th century German-Polish-Jewish Rabbi, scholar, and a leader of Progressive Judaism.

  62. The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt by Edmund Morris

    The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt (1979) is a Pulitzer Prize winning biography of President Theodore Roosevelt by Edmund Morris. It is the first in a planned trilogy with the second volume Theodore Re...

  63. Peter the Great: His Life and World by Robert K. Massie

  64. Grant: A Biography by William S. McFeely

  65. Growing Up by Russell Baker

  66. Booker T. Washington: The Wizard of Tuskegee, 1901–1915 by Louis R. Harlan

    Booker Taliaferro Washington (April 5, 1856, – November 14, 1915) was an American political leader, educator, orator and author. He was the dominant figure in the African American community in the ...

  67. The Life and Times of Cotton Mather by Kenneth Silverman

    Cotton Mather (February 12, 1663 – February 13, 1728; A.B. 1678, Harvard College; A.M. 1681, honorary doctorate 1710, University of Glasgow) was a socially and politically influential New England P...

  68. Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference by David J. Garrow

    Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist and prominent leader in the African-American civil rights movement. His main legacy was to secure prog...

  69. Louise Bogan: A Portrait by Elizabeth Frank

  70. Oscar Wilde by Richard Ellmann

  71. Machiavelli in Hell by Sebastian de Grazia

  72. Lindbergh by A. Scott Berg

    Andrew Scott Berg (born December 4, 1949) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American biographer. After graduating from Princeton University in 1971, Berg expanded his senior thesis, about editor Maxwell ...

  73. Jackson Pollock: An American Saga by Steven Naifeh, Gregory White Smith

  74. Fortunate Son: The Autobiography of Lewis B. Puller Jr. by Lewis B. Puller

  75. Truman by David McCullough

  76. W.E.B. Dubois : Biography of a Race, 1868–1919 by David Levering Lewis

    William Edward Burghardt Du Bois - the premier architect of the civil rights movement in America - was a towering and controversial personality, a fiercely proud individual blessed with the languag...

  77. Harriet Beecher Stowe: A Life by Joan D. Hedrick

  78. God: A Biography by Jack Miles

    God: A Biography is a nonfiction book by Jack Miles. The book recounts the tale of existence of the Judeo-Christian deity as the protagonist of the Hebrew Tanak or Christian Bible Old Testament. Th...

  79. Angela's Ashes: A Memoir by Frank McCourt

    Angela’s Ashes is a memoir by Irish-American author Frank McCourt and tells the story of his childhood in Brooklyn and Ireland. It was published in 1996 and won the Pulitzer Prize for Biography or ...

  80. Personal History by Katharine Graham

    Personal History is the autobiography of Katharine Graham. It was published in 1997 and won the Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography in 1998. The book received widespread critical acclaim ...

  81. Vera by Stacy Schiff

  82. W.E.B. Du Bois: The Fight for Equality and The American Century by David Levering Lewis

    William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (pronounced /duːˈbɔɪs/ doo-BOYSS) (February 23, 1868 – August 27, 1963) was an American civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, sociologist, historian, author, and e...

  83. John Adams by David McCullough

    John Adams is a 2001 biography of Founding Father and second U.S. President John Adams written by popular historian David McCullough. It won a 2002 Pulitzer Prize (for "Biography or Autobiography")...

  84. Master of the Senate by Robert Caro

    In the third and most-recently published volume, Master of the Senate, Caro chronicles Johnson's rapid ascent in the United States Congress, including his tenure as Senate Majority Leader. This 116...

  85. Khrushchev: The Man and His Era by William Taubman

  86. American Prometheus by Kai Bird, Martin J. Sherwin

    American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer is a biography of J. Robert Oppenheimer by Kai Bird and Martin J. Sherwin published by Alfred A. Knopf in 2005. Twenty-five yea...

  87. de Kooning by Mark Stevens, Annalyn Swan

  88. The Most Famous Man in America by Debby Applegate

  89. Eden's Outcasts by Jon Matteson

  90. American Lion: Andrew Jackson in the White House by Jon Matteson